The colors of Sicily
Sicilian Beatiful

Palermo  Catania Trapani Agrigento Caltanissetta Enna
Messina Ragusa
Gela Taormina Mondello
Marsala Modica Selinunte Segesta Erice Le Egadi

That's the island everybody should visit.

Sicily is the biggest, the most populated, the illustrious island of the Mediterraneo, of all the civilizations that made famous this sea, she is the synthesis hurray and suggestive. Not at all a trip in Greece can't tell complete without a visit to what Greek fret leaves in Sicily.
His coasts are as never vary and interesting, now in wide moon gulves, now with promontories game and minuscules inlets, now with wide sandy bands, now with tall bluffs.
His mountains continue the Calabrian Appennino in certain way, dividing in numerous and characteristics systems: to north the Peloritani, that continue in the Nebrodi
and in the Madonie, to South-Est the Erei, that continue in the Iblei; to west of the Erei the long series of the plateaus and of the mountains without a definite arrangement; to North of the southern coast the big plateau and isolated stately very handsome, Etna that is the highest Sicilian mountain and the greatest volcano of Europe.

The mild climate in winter; moderate in summer (middle temperature of the coldest month at Palermo 10 degrees; of the hottest always at Palermo 25 degrees. The flora is as never rich and varied, going from the most typical vegetation subtropical to the junipers that stain here and the zones mostly elevated from Etna. Stations hidrotermal with effective waters allows numerous cares, also in full winter. The monuments are not counted and belong to all the ages with external influences- Greek frets, Romans, Arabic, Normans, Spanish- that gave to the Sicilian art character and taste. The folklore is as never rich, varied and colored.
Don't forget that, in other times, many of the pious men, that they were the honour and the boast of the advanced European nations, they faced each uneasiness for know it. Then they exalted it with convinced admiration and they didn't forget anymore.
(Native city of my father)    ...Where nature and men lavished each beauty...

Capital of the Autonomous Sicilian Region; situated on the coast northern of the famous Basin of Gold. It unites to the attractions artistic and archaeological of his monuments, those tourist of the landscape in which inserted; it has all the characteristics of the big city modern of stay with his elegant meetings, the theatres, the artistic demonstrations. Palermo is a city of this beauty, wealth and interest that a visit to her not should last less of one week.
A necklace of locality and objective of big interest tourist streches all around Palermo, considered the pearl of the Mediterraneo.
To few kilometres from her, in fact here Monreale city of world fame for the his grandiose Norman Cathedral and his cloister, treasures of incomparable art, and for  his admirable position of panorama on the luxuriant beauty of the Basin of Gold and of the gulf of Palermo; Bagheria that put aside, disseminate in his lowland, the beautiful '700 villas that a day were sought after and pompous vacations of the rich Palermitans beside  Santa Flavia  the good preserve ruins of Solunto Fenicians first then Greek fret, then Roman, to the top of a hill that sees an enchanting panorama of sea Termini Imerese with the famous his thermal waters celebrate from Pindaro and little after the
sever and imposing ruins of the Temple of raised Himera to the Of the in thanks for the big victory of the Himeresi on the Punici five centuries before Christ Cefalù laughing on the sea with the most laughing of the Norman's cathedral from Sicily and interesting ruins of the civilizations of the Freeks superimposed to elements that climb up to most ancient civilities primordial and above Cefalù the woods and Sanctuary of Gibilmanna, unusual mountain sight and sea sight to same once.

All these places follow on the coast, along a varied shore and jagged between the most beautiful of Italy. In the inside the stately group of the Madonie reach the 2000 meters and offers to Plain of the Zucchi and to Plain of the Battle each chance for the alpine and winters sports, while possesses in Petralia Underskirt the most frequented place for the summer vacation. Caccamo boasts one of the most beautiful and vast castles of the Mid-Age from Italy, preserved good Godrano with the real House of Ficuzza has one of the widest and enchanting woods of the Island Plain of the Albaniansthe centre most important of the custom and of the Greek-Albanian rites that for the top historical value and folkloristic they constitute motive of attraction for the tourists of each part of the world. 
To 36 miles from the coast in front of Head Rooster, the island of Ustica, famous for the his marvellous  caves of emerald, one crib in a sea of the deepest blue.
Aspra - Trabia - Casteldaccia - Carini -Terrasini - Collesano - Castelbuono - Gannci - Geraci Siculo - Isnello - Polizzi Generosa - Petralia Soprana - Corleone - Marineo - Partinico are places on the sea, on the hills and on the mountains, that mails along the tourist itineraries of the zone, for their artistic patrimony they deserve a visit.
In this glorifies frame, the gem of Palermo, touristic city in his essence, in his secular tradition, in his configuration, in his geographical position, in the extraordinary wealth of the his natural and artistic beauties. Palermo, in the green enamel of the his Basin of Gold surrounded from sour scenery of his mountains, dominated from the hard thick of the Monte Pellegrino that Goethe defined the most beautiful promontory of the world. It gets up mighty and animated, near the city reaching the 600 metres. From whose peak reveals itself an immense panorama that goes up to the Etna and to the Lipari islands, interesting is the visit of the Sanctuary of Rosalia Saint, she revered Patron Saint of Palermo.
Expanse in the bright arc of his blue Gulf, this city picks up inestimable treasures of art, part of which preserved in the National museum, of civilization anterior destroyed radically from the following conquests Beyond to Palermo boast very handsome villas and ladylike parks and also environs as Mondello - Sferracavallo - Isola delle Femmine - St. Martino delle Scale  and one hundred other places you settle in the cliffs of the Basin of Gold.
To the sweetness of his climate and to the phantasmagoric policromy of the his mountains, of his sea and of his flora she unites the attractions of the big city of stay with the his magnificent theatres and elegant meetings, with the famous institutes cultural and artistic, with the shows  sporting fittings, with the traditional demonstrations of international character.
In the month of July dall' 11 at 15 o'clock unwinds u " fistinu " in honour to Saint Patron Rosalia, the most pompous of the parties religious towns.
*°*°*° Historical Signs°*°*°*
"Here to the dawn of the humanity forty centuries ago and, more precisely, 1997 years from the creation of the world, 337 years from the downpour, 2076 years before Christ and, finally 1318 years before the foundation from Rome.
Palermo was."
Divergent are the judgments on the colonization made by Fenici and Greek fret of Panormus. The most are for the Carbolic that, from the shine and wealth of the regions and from the flourishing life that they there found since their landing, they would have baptized it with the Ziz name (flower), while Panormus (all harbor) Greek name.
The two Ziz names and Panormus are testified from an ancient coin that carries them affected the faces from both.

It is also known that, for the ampleness of the harbor and the climate, Panormus became centre of military arguments between Cartaginesi and Greek.(408, 406, and 391 b.C.).
The Romans made it free and under the August Emperor (20 b.C.), there was founded a colony. We spoke different languages; the Greek, the Latin, and the Punico.
There were made coin bronze.

It was subsequently taking from Gensarico, to which Odoacre happened. Passed therefore to Teodorico and in the 535 had conquered from Bellisario.
In the year 827 had conquered from the Saracens that there the Emirs established.

Finished the conquest of the island in the 948, the Arabs raised it to emirate of all Sicily and they adorned it until to do it become an of the most pompous metropolis of the world Arab, worthy of compete in wealth and beauty with Cordova and The Cairo.
In 1072 Ruggero of Altavilla took away from the Arabic submitting to his dominion. The child Ruggero II, crowned King in the Christmas 1130 in Cathedral of Palermo, consecrated it capital of the Kingdom from Sicily.
During this period it reached immense shine and power becoming active centre of commercial exchanges with Europe and Asia. With Federico II Hohenstaufen King of Sicily (1208), Palermo became a vivacious intellectual center also, gathering in the lettered Court, poets and artists; here bloom and assert the famous one Sicilian Poetic School that had so much importance for the letters and the arts of the starting of our literature.
Then, the occupation of the Angioini, (outcast by with the "Spirit of the Evening" in 1282), passed to the Aragonesi, to the Duke of Savoia in the 1713,(dealt of Ultrecht ), and subsequently in the 1720, with the dealt threshing floor, passed to Charles of Austria.
After varied attempts of insurrection and popular revolts, always failures, it arrived at 1860, that made possible the consignment of Giuseppe Garibaldi from time prepared in the Island for work of a resident committee to Palermo. Garibaldi to the dawn of May 27, entered Palermo. After the plebiscite of 21 October favourable to the annexation, the first December Vittorio Emanuele king from Italy entered to Palermo.

 This poetry was written by Vincenzo Errante a poet and patriot of the last century, not so known to the big public; had published by
"the Newspaper from Sicily" of May 27 1860 (extraordinary number gone out for the arrival of Joseph Garibaldi to Palermo)

Beautiful city from the basin of gold,
That listened to my benign whimpers,
An entourage of steep mountains
Encircles you as a of celestial choir.
 On your beaches pour each treasure
 The splendid nature; the green beach;
    Orange tree, acacias in bloom almond tree
       They make your wealth and your decorum
The jasmin, the flowing zagara
 Voluptuous they scatter the odors
     On the ample braids of the ardent women;
           In the black eye fatal joking the loves,
The gentle smile gives white teeth
    It flies from the rosy lip and it plunders the hearts.
     Of Cartagine, Rome the greedy times
      Memoirs, the kingdoms of the haughties Emirs,
Normanni and hard Svevi, the hateful
Borbonici tyrants, their martyrdoms.
 The bell of the Vespri, the glorious
   Days of challenge already appointed the diri
        Torments, that the resounding retouches
    From the Temple chokes between your sighs.
    Of Caprera the Leon, the sigh
     Tricolor flag decks itself with flowers
      Of the Cross the insignia everywhere beloved:
     Your cry of war: Mora!...Mora!
      Dante liked it; that disdained soul.
      Between the Italian cities only you are honoured!

Roma                              Vincenzo Errante

Situated along the arc of a magnificent bay, between Monte Pellegrino and the Monte Gallo, the beach of the Palermitans, and one of the most beautiful stations bathing from Sicily.
To 12 Km from Palermo, we approaches from this through the Park of the Favorite or from the road coastline of the Addaura or through the panoramic road that crosses Monte Pellegrino.
The cool climate of summer and a great deal lukewarm in the winter, the sea coral colour, the perfume of the gardens the innumerable villas, the big bathing and the elegant open meetings all year long, they do one of the locality of it also of stay to the world in which is possible take baths of sun and of sea in each season.

Picturesque city rises spur that pushes between two depths on a top, and it has divided in two births:
Ragusa and Ragusa Ibla
After the modern district that opens beyond of the railway station, one enter the '700s city  and arrived at immediately to the Cathedral of S. Baptist Giovanni, of this epoch, which is rich inside. Interesting also the church of S. Maria of the Staircases, with the aisle in Gothic Sicilian.
From church square Ragusa Ibla is admired (from the Sicilian Hibla Heraca) and the old city where  there are notable monuments like: the church of S. Maria of the Idria and Cathedral, justly considered between most typical monuments of the seven hundred Sicilian beyond the ancient portal of S. George (Gothic-Catalan).
Interesting the excursion to the mines of alfalto.
It remembers that in this province have stayed bare the richest layers of oil from Italy.
Left Ragusa is descended with you pronounce inclinations to the Irminio river, therefore.

It is placed in position a great deal picturesque on a spur besided from the throats of two streams covered hour. Possesses notable religious constructions between which, in Moderate Tall, the Church of S. George, exemplary of the art of '700 in Sicily, in top to an imposing stairway, one of the most fascinating architectural scenarios from Sicily; S. Maria of Jesus sec. XV, the only monument of '400 still here after the earthquake of the 1693, of which the walls of the church stay and of a side chapel of the epoch with structures of  the XVII sec. and a very handsome cloister in convent unfortunately in now a prison. On the principal course of the city the façade of S. Pietro is admired.

It's one of the most important and original city of Sicily and one of the destinations most interesting for a trip in Sicily and in whole Italy, his roads holds and tortuous they remember the mysteries of the near east, of the monuments Cicerone calls it the biggest of the Greek cities and the most beautiful of the world for the perfume of the fields and the green hair of the papyruses on which seem to feel to flutter the idyllic song of Teodocrito here the myth draws near to the epic, the legend melt with the history, each particle of earth, each angle full of memoirs.
Situated on islet of the ancient Ortigia, commercial harbor, very active, it has a maritime climate as never moderate and it presents characters as never original.
Flourishing and advanced in old times it stared to decay after the Roman sack of the 272 b.C. Monuments Christians catacombs and Mid-age ones testifies of the interest of Siracusa in all the times. In '440 was centre of the regional and noble room Spanish they there built their abodes. She possesses notable monuments between which quoted is erect Cathedral in the ST. century, transforming the Temple Doric of Athena, of the V Century b.C..Visited Cathedral decamps to the Archaeological museum that stands in front of him and is fundamental for the acquaintance of the ancient Sicula Civilization.
Not far is the terrace on the sea, left of the Aretusa font, clear basin of waters with algas papyruses, tied up to the myth of the Aretusa nymph and of the Alfeo river (persecuted from Afeo, Aretusa one trow in sea from the coasts of the Elide, and, transformed in river from Diana, reappeared here) the famous Aretusa font sung from Pindaro and from Virgilio. In the adjacent by Capodieci the palace Bellomo, beautiful construction of Middle-Age widened in the four hundred, adorned of bifore and center of the Mediaeval museum and from the Pinacoteca.
On the extreme limit from islet, the Castle of Maniace, of the 1038, remade in forms Gothic under the kingdom of Federico II. Of notable interest is the big Harbor and the Small Harbor. Past the New and crossed Bridge the dock one leaves islet of Ortigia and it takes the Course, that ransom in line straight line the modern districts. Once arrived at the lighthouse, where the rests of the Agorà and the Pantheon of the Fallen. But the better attraction is the ancient city, larger than the actual, made up by the old districts on the sea, of Acradina, Tiche, Neapolis, Epipole, beyond to those of Ortigia. Neapolis we approaches moving from Piazzale Marconi and going on St. and St. Chilblain for Catania.
To the right is the little church of St. Nicolò, of the XI century; to left there is the entry to the grandiose Romano Amphitheatre. Not far is the Latomia of S.Venera (the Latomie is a big hole of rock, busy from a stupendous vegetation, that contributes to make it particularly suggestive).
Continuing be he Ploughs of Gerone, of which the steps stay on which rose it Ploughs and the fragments of frame with head like a lion. Nearby, to the right, is the entry to the famous Latomia of the Heaven, in which two lists are observed holes: the ear of Dionisio (according to the legend, Dionisio would have made it build so like it is seen, for listen to us from the top that the prisoners told) and Cave of the Cordari, so call from the artisans that from centuries there they work. After all to the place there is the Greek Theater, magnified and transformed from the Romans: very handsome and in magnificent position, it also comes today used for classical representations in spring.
To the shoulders of modern Siracusa. The first monument that meets the Church of S.Giovanni, that occupies part of a larger basilica. On the right there is the entry to Convent, from which one withered for the visit to the Catacombs, with  thousand of loculs and five chapels.
In the Landolina villa, beautiful garden with a small Latomia, the monument to the poet German Von Planten. 
It follows therefore the ex convent of the Cappuccini, where the Latomia of the Cappuccini is visited, very handsome and vast; according to the legend there languished the up to the death 7000 Athenian soldiers of the army of Nicia, defeated on the river Assinaros. Three excursions from behavior, before leave Siracusa: to the Eurialo Castle, grandiose military work built from Dionisio the old man (402-397); to the Ciane Font, beautiful trip especially if sort in boat, on the river homonym that runs between the tall [spalliere] of papyruses (according to the myth, the Ciane nymph was abducted for have tried to prevent the abduction of Proserpina); to the Necropolis of Pantalica, the most vast of the Necropolises (around 500 caves).

On a hold peninsula to form of scythe, Trapani stretches out on the sea in front of the Egadi islands. She offers natural beauties and artistic rich of charm in an unusual landscape, characterized from the numerous old men mills to wind of the salt pans.
Particularly important the demonstrations of the "Procession of the Mysteries" that from centuries unwinds the annually night of the Friday Saint, of the "Mattanza of the tuna," dense of emotional spectacular effects, and of the "July Musical Trapanese," lyric season to the open.
Province of Trapani possesses tourist centres high-class, for the beauty of his landscapes and the wealth of the historical patrimony.

A country of dream, absorbed in the eternal silences of his Mid-age lanes, of his millennial boundaries, of his towered castles, of his Churches full of mystical charm, of his marvellous panoramas on which the look rests and the spirit is stretched.
To Erice unwind demonstrations you frame in the "Ericina Summer" and the "Feast of the beauty."

Le Egadi
Egadi, three gems set in the Mediterraneo, rich of primitive beauty; natural caves on the sea sparkling of the furniture reflexes of the water; left overs of  prehistoric civilizations, cliffs, plentiful underwater fauna.

The pulsating heart of life and of activities of the Province; the rich earth of memoirs historical, from the leftovers of Lilybeo to the enterpris of G. Garibaldi the city of the pious wines most known all over of the world.

The only Fenicia's city of which they keep boundaries, roads, necropolis; in a laguna's landscape of rare beauty.

Country of myths and of history, living in the majesty of the grandiose Temple and of his Greek Theater.

The richest and greatest archaeological zone from Europe, eternal and haughty testimony of the Greek civilization in Sicily; rests of six temples, of boundaries, of fortifications, of roads, on the background of a coast full of fascinating beauties.

Populous and fervent city, Caltanissetta it is is situated at the center of the Isle, to the feet of the Giulio Mount, surrounded from laughing hills, to 558 meters on the sea, has modern appearance with notable industrial and commercial activities.
Date his elevation it is frequented also like summer stay.
Also in the periods most torrid of the summer, the city is that in the surrounding hills, the climate sustains moderate such from make the zone between the destinations more sought-after for summer stays.
It has beautiful roads and plazas, noble buildings and are lent for interesting trips.
It has deserved fame for his procession of the "Saint Tuesday".
*°*°*° Historical Signs°*°*°*
On the origins of the city there isn't harmony between the researchers, retaining any that she has stayed straight Doric colony with the name of  INS, other says founded from the Arabs in the IX century. The ruins of the castle of Pietragrossa which they were tied up the circumstances of the city and of all Sicily, they testify of the importance that Caltanissetta had during all the Medieval era.

Between the most important monuments we have the abbey of S. Spirit, founded in the 1153 from
Ruggero II, the Moncada palace, perhaps the most famous testimony of the epoch of the Sicilian Baroque mannerism; the portal of S.Maria the Vetere, of style normanno-siculo.
From Caltanissetta is descended in valley of the Salso and, past the river on the Capodarso bridge, one salt to the diramation with the Sicula road central. Left the ramification for Piazza Armerina  is gone on grazing the basin dried up of the lake adorns with stars.
Come down then between the ulivi and, crossed the portal castrates, it is had in front of the top southern spur of the fortress of Ennui.


Laughing hill on here the city rises and opens to the borders of an ample gulf, licked up from the billows of the African sea. Marvelous beach, whose extension are really exceptional and between the most frequented of  Sicily.
The remote origins of the city, founded in the 688 b.C. from the Rodii of Antifemo and from the Cretesi of Eutimo,  remembered from the important ruins come to the light to succession of effected excavations in past. Between the most known signaled the rolls of columns of a temple Dorico of the V century b.C. they recovered in region Grind of the Wind, and the almost complete of a temple of the IV Century b.C. bare in the 1906 to brief distance. Other excavations have carried to the discovery in the zone of Caposoprano of a defensive wall of  150 meters of the IV Century. a.C. with a structure made up in raw bricks.


Agrigento offers to the visitor, with his environs, the show of an eternal spring. Until from the month of January Valley of the Templi and the surrounding countries are dressed again of a spring suit, where they dominate the green of the meadows and the biaco-pink of the almond tree in flower. Each year to February unwinds an interesting folkloristico-artistic-musical demonstration, with the share of all the regions from Italy: called "Party of the Almond tree in Flower".
Historical Signs °*°*°*
The city is situated on the Acropoli of the ancient city of Akragas founded from the Greek in the 182 b.C., which then, under the Romans, changed his name in Agrigentum.
Agrigento reached quickly a strong population (the philosopher Diogene Laerzio, speaks about 800,000 inhabitants), it became prosperous and rich of  temples and of monuments.
It was told of this city's inhabitants that "they build their temples and them monuments like if they don't owe ever die and they enjoy like if they must die tomorrow..," Pindaro called it "the most beautiful city of the earth".
But the pleasure and the relaxation's were his downfall. In 406 b.C. Agrigento felt in the hands of the Cartaginesi, after a bloody siege. In 330 b.C. Timoleone, winning  the Cartaginesi rebuilt it; but it soon had taken from the Romans, then again from the Cartaginesi for falling at the ned in Roman hand in 210 a.C.
Agrigento was influenced by the dominations of Vandals, of  Goti, of  Binzantini, of  Arabs and of  Normanni and with them changed his name in Kerken and finally in Girgenti. From the XVI Century the city followed the fates of the island inclusive  the annexation to the kingdom of Italia happened in 1860.
The modern city is made to notice for any important monuments between which Cathedral excels, of the three hundred and transformed then in the seven hundred and that you contains the graves of Ippolite and Fedro, the Byzantine Skull and crossbones, the portable and precious sacred Altar.
Artistic Signs °*°*°*
Worthy of visit are the Church of S. Maria built on a Greek temple of the Ellenic era and the Monastery of  S. Spirit, jewel of the XIII Century.

But what recalls particularly the tourist to Agrigento is his history, reflected in the numerous monuments. The monuments most interesting in the Valley of the Templi and environs are: to northeast the Temple of Demetra and Persefone, the Ancient Boundaries to south: the Temple of Latin Giunone of the same epoch of the Temple della Concordia. One of the better preserved existing in Italy with 34 columns is the Temple of Ercole with 38 columns of which 8 raises again; the Christian catacombs and the Necropolis Roman; to west: the Temple of Jupiter Olimpo, colossal, but dejected from the earthquakes, it was erect in the 480 b.C. after the victory of the Agrigentini on the Cartaginesi, it presents yourself between a rectangle of rubble with in half a telamone; at the time of his construction came considered like the octave world wonderful ; the Temple of Castore and Polluce, of which has only a reconstructed fragment by the last century; Archaic Sanctuary of the VII-VI Century b.C. and on of a high ground the two reamining columns  of the Temple of Volcano; to east out of the golden Door one you could admire the grave of  Terone and the Temple of Esculapio.

Enna's province stretches in the center of Sicily and it look  to the distant sea from the formidable natural balcony of Centuripe or, in the days clear and serene  from the top of the square Pisana tower of the Castle from Lombardy.
It overlap the mountainous rumps that represent almost improvise petrified arrest of a messy run, the ample expanses to an extensive crop which gives to the nature, to second seasons a fundamental and only note of colour, the strong  and primitive of the only earth, the city and his suburbs generally castled on the mountains, compose a vast and animated panorama as a whole.
The altitude moderates the ardour of the Sicilian's hot while not prevents mild winters, the climate presents itself healthy generally and ideal in summer.
To thousand meters, above an isolated mountain, Ennui stands in one of the ancient human agglomerations, already existing before the arrival of the Greek in Sicily, like testify the prehistoric caves  recovered in great number at the edges of the fortress Nature and  men-  the first with scenery from the panoramic walk space from the Madonie to Palò  the seconds with the work of art lavish long millenniums - they have enriched the acropoli of varied beauties. We quote quickly the Castle from Lombardy, for which Livio calls Henna invincible; the Mother Church from the stately '400s portal and from the precious ceiling to chests with inlays of the '600, sculptures of the Gagino, the '300s Tower of Federico II, the museum, the bell tower of delicious architectural line and the ancient rich Churches of sculptures and paintings of the XIV and XV Century.
An ancient earth, Ennui doesn't speak only of the intellect, but also with the poetic strength of the myths binds the heart and the imagination. Cerere had the abode and plough sacrificial on the Fortress that preserve the name, while according to the legend, the his bare sleeps between golds and gems with  King Sicano, in the deep of the Castle from Lombardy.
And Proserpina, the pale goddess of the nights and of the Averno, was sues to gather violas and lilies on the shores of the Pergusa, when Pluto rose from the ground for the embrace that poets have sung and the Bernini has rendered in bronze.
Patron Saint party is celebrated July the Second; S. Maria of the Visitazione.

Between his color blue transparency of the sky and of the sea, on the background of the Peloritani mountains that from the Antennamare degrade up to the point of the lighthouse to mirror of his bent harbor, is Messina, the queen of the Narrow.
This is the city that first gives a welcome from Sicily to whoever originates from the continent.
Destroyed by the earthquake in 1908, risen again most brisk and industrious than before. Very handsome the position on the famous Narrow and with the picturesque line of the Peloritani Mountains to the shoulders.
*°*°*° Historical Signs °*°*°*
The legend, harvest from Tucidite and from Diodoro, which wanted that the ancient Zancle (this was the name used in ancient times to individuate Messina), was founded by Sicilians, which  will dictate him this name don't sole for the inlet to scythe where had stayed built, but also in honor of the their king, Zancleo.
It is common opinion  acquired from the history that the first inhabited area had realized in the VIII Century b.C. from a colony of pirates Deriving Calcidesi from Cuma.
In the V Century b.C. the city was occupied from groups of  Joni deriving from Samo and from Mileto.
Repurchased little after the independence, taking the name of Messana.
Conquered by the Romans after the first Punic war of 263 b.C., it stayed faithful to Rome and it knew an along period of  prosperity.
After the turn over again of the Evening (1282) it became a city under the Aragonesi's power, under whose dominion prospered for a long time.
During the second world war, for the  same strategic position on the Mediterraneo, it was seriously damaged from numerous aerial bombardments; it was made free by the Anglo-Americans August 17 1943.
*°*°*° Artistical Signs °*°*°*
The earthquakes have deprived it to a large extent of the monuments that remembered his bright past.

The plain regulator for the reconstruction after the earthquake of the 1908 had inspired to comprehensible ancient norms, rather that to the desire of remake such and what had been destroyed. Other strong damages had to suffer in the course of the last war.
There are some buildings that deserve to be visited with special attention and in a particular way the Church of the Announced of the Catalans, of the XII century, with the attractive inside to three aisles- the Cathedral, remade according to the primitive structure, with the modern bell tower and the complex astronomic clock,the Fountain of Orione of the Montorsoli, in front of Cathedral, architectural fragments and sculptures, statues, painted, sacred and other objects still are preserved in the National Museum.
Messina is a city really vivacious, dynamics and devoted same time to the studies (his University is one of the most accredited in Italy). For all and for the interest of the environs a standstill to Messina is essential.
Interesting is  the run that comes loose to half coast up to the extreme point of the Lighthouse, in whose immediate vicinity it is the ample Beach of Mortelle with the characteristic thin sand. Not so many kilometers from the city, near the  Lighthouse, it is Ganzirri, provided of each confort on the characteristic salty lake.
From the beach enjoys the beautiful panorama of  Calabria in the point of the most proximity near the two banks of the Narrow (Scilla and Cariddi).
Getting out of Messina one salt toward the Pineta of the Camaro, very handsome situated trees on the top of the Peloritani mountains. Beyond that to the very handsome vision of the Narrow on the Jonico slope, it can be enjoyed the Tirrenico slope, the sunset on the background of Eolie islands and of the Promontory of Milazzo; this city is the best sting of departure for the visit to the Lipari islands.
Between his color blue transparency of the sky and of the sea, on the background of the Peloritani mountains that from the Antennamare degrade up to the point of the lighthouse to mirror of his bent harbor, is  Messina, the queen of the Narrow.
This is the city that first gives a welcome from Sicily to whoever originates from the continent.
Destroyed by the earthquake in 1908, risen again most brisk and industrious than before. Very handsome the position on the famous Narrow and with the picturesque line of the Peloritani Mountains to the shoulders.

The city rises on a pleasant hill almost to peak on the sea, to half road between Messina and Catania, in a position whose situated is definite state between the most beautiful of the World.
His beauty is secret not only in the perennial transparency of his blue sky, in the shine of the his sun and in the meekness of his climate always spring, but especially in the wonder of his panoramas, and in the charm of the his ancient monuments.
It is one of the most enchanting stations of staying from Italy and the rest of World.
His natural position has few comparisons.
Situated on an elevated terrace, it dominates the enchanting underlying beach, while Etna does her from admirable background.
The climate is so sweet that they could have the sea's baths also in full winter. It is full of monuments of different epoches, that make it interesting also from the artistic point: the Corvaia Palace of the 400-500, crowned of blackbirds and really adorned; from Greco-Roman Theater, the most important city's monument, from here it is enjoyable a marvelous panorama; dug in the rock in top to a hill in front of Etna. Of construction undoubtedly Greek fret, it was then transformed from the Romans and destroyed from the Arabs; Cathedral I with the intern to three separated aisles from ancient columns; the Santostefano Palace, buildt in '300s.
Stupendous visions enjoy from terrace of the Wide IV April. Interesting the trip to Castel Mola, laughing and characteristic country in top to the Tauro Mount, from which you can enjoy the marvelous panorama from Etna, of the shore North and of the beautiful beaches of Mazzarò with Heads S. Andrew and of the Bella Island to which from Taormina one; also approach through the short road that carries from the panorama's sight up to the beach.

Situated on the splendid gulf in the Ionio sea and southern from Etna. Catania stretches in the plain that from here takes his name, the best of Sicily.
The exposure and the sea's make the climate of the zone excellent, considered straight one of the best from Italy.
In the course of the history, the city suffered many times for the natural disasters, natural in particular, and in 1669 all the Western part came devastated from the big casting that cames from the Red Mountains arrived at thin to the sea; subsequently, in the 1693, all the remainder came almost destroyed from an earthquake.
°*°*° Historical Signs °*°*°*
The hilly chain that surrounds Catania suggested the first name, Catinon, to the primitive village rised near of the mouth of the Amenanos river, in the eneolitico's period. Here, in the phase conclusive of the Greek penetration in Sicily, about at 729 b.C., a colony of Calcidesi, driven  from Tucle, installed. The new colony a quicly development on the building piano immediately, organizational, legislative and cultural. In the Second century before Christ Caronda told Catania a code of laws writings, wide to all the Sicilians cities. It equipped the city with temples, theatre, thermal baths of a mint and tax quotes and the city started to be  visited from the poets and from the most cultured from Greece. (The Stesicoro poet and the Senofane philosopher chose it as residence).
In 403, Dionisi of Siracusa surprisily took Catania which was harshly ransacked, was then abandoned in 396 b.C., under the threat of Cartagine that conqusted it; after have defeated the Siracusan's fleet.
Occupied from Rome in 263 b.C. in name of Catina, under the Roman domination a long period of peace was assured.
The occupation of Vandals, of  Eruli, of  Goti, of Ostrogoti, of Binzantini of Belisario in 535, of  Arabs in 831, of  Normanni 1060, of  Aragonesi 1296, and finally of the Borboni.
°*°*° Artistical Signs °*°*°*
The earthquakes and the castings of  wash have repeatedly cancelled monuments and work of art of the ancient Catania, almost all the his monuments belong at '700 and they compose the greatest  example of this epoch. The archaeological patrimony stayed Roman, and is composed from the theatre with the near Odeon, the hole Roman, the thermal baths by S. Maria of the Address. Important Gothic graves could be observed to the inside the Cathedral.
Of the baroque Catania it could be admired the façade from Cathedral, between the most interesting of the period, the side of the same church, the two very handsome churches to central plant with dome of S. Giulio and of the Monastery of S. Agatha, and the famous fountain of the Diotru or Liotru, which is the Elephant.
Patron Saint Party celebrated the 3-4-5- February (S. Agata) with a picturesque procession of the candles (cannalòre), made in wood, taller about 6 meters with pyramidal form.

Tricele dei Grifasi (1996)
Angelo Grifasi - 16 / 11 / 96
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